Publications


  • MPA report cover

    CLEANR Report April 2018

    Opportunities for Improving Water Quality and Ecosystem Health in California's Marine Managed Areas

    This report is the product of two CLEANR dialogues on Marine Managed Areas (MMAs)—a June 2016 scoping session and a January 2017 plenary roundtable. Based on stakeholder contributions from those dialogues, as well as additional research and interviews, the report explores the current framework for managing coastal water quality and monitoring in MMAs and identifies challenges to and opportunities for enhanced coordination and improved management. Although the report does identify more fundamental legislative changes that might ultimately be needed to protect marine water quality in the long-term, it concentrates on more viable, concrete near-term strategies to: I) enhance MMA water quality through other existing regulatory programs, II) improve water quality monitoring and data access, and III) offset resource constraints on programs protecting marine water quality.

  • Arctic summary cover

    CLEANR Roundtable Summary January 2018

    Roundtable Summary: Legal Strategies to Address Climate Change in the Arctic

    This document is a summary of the themes and topics discussed at an October 2017 CLEANR Roundtable which brought together legal professionals and other experts to discuss their experiences and examine various legal strategies to address climate change and its consequences for communities and wildlife in the U.S. and Canadian Arctic. Particular topics addressed in this summary include: I) identifying and reconciling adaptive management priorities, II) ensuring equity and accountability, III) affirming sovereignty and self-determination, and IV) establishing trust and forming partnerships. The document also identifies several areas recognized by Roundtable participants as deserving of further analysis and/or action.

  • CLEANR Report October 2017

    Assessing State Laws and Resources for Endangered Species Protection

    This report provides a detailed analysis of state endangered species laws and funding to implement the federal Endangered Species Act. The study compares state endangered species protections against the federal law in terms of: existing statutes, the extent of species covered, standards and provisions for listing species, authority for recovering planning, designation of critical habitats, substantive and land-use restrictions, consultation for public action, and habitat modification. The report concludes that without significant state law reforms and massive expansions of funding in most states, devolution of federal authority and responsibility over threatened and endangered species to states is likely to undermine conservation and recovery efforts, lead to a greater number of species becoming imperiled, and result in fewer species recovered.

    Citation: Alejandro E. Camacho, Michael Robinson-Dorn, Asena Cansu Yildiz & Tara Teegarden, Assessing State Laws and Resources for Endangered Species Protection, 47 Envtl. L. Rep. 10837 (2017).

    See this app from Defenders of Wildlife to evaluate each state's endangered species protections

  • CLEANR Report September 2016

    Advancing Ecosystem-Based Marine Management in the Arctic: Recommendations to the Arctic Council Task Force on Arctic Marine Cooperation

    This report follows from CLEANR’s Arctic II Roundtable, reflecting participants’ recommendations for the Arctic Council Task Force on Arctic Marine Cooperation to advance Ecosystem-Based Management (EBM) in Arctic marine governance. The report emphasizes the importance of EBM—the place-based, comprehensive assessment and management of ecosystem impacts, including those from human activity—in maintaining ecological integrity in large marine ecosystems of the Arctic. The report evaluates its current state of implementation, identifying gaps and opportunities for enhanced cooperation, and proposes means of further analysis, collaboration, and data sharing between organizations within and beyond the region.

  • CLEANR Article February 2016

    Emerging Regulatory Experiments in Permit Process Coordination for Endangered Species and Aquatic Resources in California

    CLEANR conducted extensive interviews, research, roundtables, and dialogue sessions to evaluate a range of efforts to coordinate proposed California Habitat Conservation Plans/ Natural Community Conservation Plans with freshwater aquatic resource permits under federal and state laws. The Center shares its findings and makes some suggestions going forward in this Article, published in the February 2016 issue of the Environmental Law Reporter.

    Citation: Alejandro E. Camacho, Elizabeth M. Taylor, Melissa L. Kelly & Stephanie L. Talavera, Emerging Regulatory Experiments in Permit Process Coordination for Endangered Species and Aquatic Resources in California, 46 Envtl. L. Rep. 10131 (2016).

  • CLEANR Report March 2015

    Lessons from Area-wide, Multi-agency Habitat Conservation Plans in California

    This report is the product of extensive research, interviews, and intensive collaborative dialogues co-convened with the Center for Collaboration in Governance as part of CLEANR's innovative Workshop Roundtable series. As some of the first experiments in inter-governmental conservation planning, area-wide, multi-agency Habitat Conservation Plans (HCPs) exemplify the key challenges of promoting effective and comprehensive conservation governance. The report identifies four topics about which area-wide, multi-agency HCPs provide particularly valuable insights for the many emerging federal and state innovations in conservation.

    Citation: Alejandro E. Camacho, Elizabeth M. Taylor & Melissa L. Kelly, Lessons from Area-Wide, Multi-Agency Habitat Conservation Plans in California, 46 Envtl. L. Rep. 10222 (2015). Abridged Report >